The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 provides for skills of the 21st century and employability to be imparted without compromising on quality, says the committee’s chairman, K Kasturirangan.
The idea of liberal or multidisciplinary education at the bachelor level (UG) and a kind of four-year structure of the secondary level offers many opportunities to acquire many types of skills that can even be used as employment opportunities, he said.
“All of this is part of developing skills in the 21st century, as education embeds these kinds of things to qualify young people for what is needed in the 21st century: communication, creativity, problem solving and things like that,” he told PTI in an interview.
The former president of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) said the policy was aimed at getting education on the right track using the best technology and developments in the field, strengthening the institutions, including increasing gross admission and time to ensure that the quality is not affected.
On the reasons for introducing four-year UG courses under the directive, Kasturirangan said it would prepare a young person to have a comprehensive knowledge base so that they could pursue their professional interest at a certain level of maturity.
Every year of this period, the training can be transferred to the next step. At this point in time, it is also planned that if you want to stop and do a certain job, you would have developed a certain competence for “something”.
“So if you work according to this principle, you can have a certificate in the first year because you have to prove to the employer that you have done something … You will receive a certificate as a junior diploma, in the next stage you will receive a senior -Diploma. and then third level, you get a bachelor’s degree.
“And if you do some research and expand your knowledge, develop new skills to deal with problems and problems, you’ll get a fourth year degree, a kind of honor, a bachelor’s degree with distinction,” he added.
The idea is to provide a variety of options with a certain level of maturity of knowledge and ability to take on certain responsibilities at these points.
“In four years we can have adequate comprehensive training to meet the requirements of basic training.” When the M.Phil degree was abolished, Kasturirangan said it had not been effective, particularly because there were master’s degrees, be it science and art, as well as various areas and subjects.
“M.Phil has not been able to compete with them (masters), but at the same time I think that in a sense you can find a better way to get a degree with a better quality of knowledge and a better ability to carry out We believe that M.Phil no longer plays this role today, ”he said.
Therefore, it will be more appropriate to transfer this role to other existing master’s degrees than to have an M.Phil that is a bit diffuse in terms of its final outcome, Kasturirangan said.
Regarding the policy that a mother tongue of a child up to class 5 should be used as a teaching medium, the space scientist found that the English-speaking population in India is only 15 to 16 percent, which is not a large number.
“Our idea to ensure that the mother tongue is used because the child communicates with the outside world in the mother tongue from the day of its birth.
“For this reason, the brain’s ability to respond to its mother tongue as internal communication is much more effective than any other means,” he said.
After a few years, when the child receives an English-language education, the effectiveness of the brain in understanding cannot be at a level that the mother tongue understanding has reached in terms of maturity.
“We think it is better to choose your mother tongue (as a teaching medium). And for a child it is more natural to learn ideas, new science and mathematics in their mother tongue than to work in another foreign language. There are enough Evidence of this type of effectiveness in using language for learning, ”he said.
For this reason, the committee recommended the mother tongue or, alternatively, the language spoken itself. If it is not the self-spoken language, up to grade 5 it can be the national language or the regional language as the language of instruction.
However, he added, “This does not prevent you from learning English, knowing English, and ensuring that the policy contains a provision to ensure this if you want to continue your career where English is more important.”
The NEP, approved by the Union cabinet at a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday, replaces the 34-year national education policy set in 1986 and is intended to pave the way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems. India is a global superpower of knowledge.
Teaching up to the 5th grade in mother tongue or national language, reducing the use of board exams, a single supervisory authority for higher education institutions with the exception of law and medical colleges, and joint admission tests for universities are part of the comprehensive reforms in politics.