Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank
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The new education policy is not about losing the English language, but about the importance of multilingualism, which has great cognitive benefits for young children, said the Union Minister for Personnel Development, now known as the Indian Minister of Education, said Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank Amandeep Shukla in an interview. Processed excerpts:

Question 1: What impact will National Education Policy (NEP) have on the country’s education system in the short and long term?

With the entry into force of NEP 2020, we hope to significantly improve education and learn how to think critically and solve problems, how to be creative and multidisciplinary and how to innovate, adapt and record new material in novels and changing fields . In addition to science and math, the new curriculum will include basic arts, crafts, humanities, games, sports and fitness, languages, literature, culture and values ​​to develop all aspects and skills of learners. and to make education more rounded, useful and fulfilling for learners.

Q2: The education system speaks of high quality education for children in schools and universities. However, there are many vacancies for teachers at universities and schools. How do you want to fix that?

Apprenticeships will be filled at the earliest – especially in disadvantaged areas and areas with a high student-teacher ratio or a high illiteracy rate. Each state will conduct a technology-based, comprehensive forecasting of teacher needs planning to assess expected job vacancies for teachers over the next two decades.

At the level of higher education, politicians say that management positions should not remain vacant, but that an overlapping period of time during management transitions should turn out to be the norm.

Q3: One of the highlights of this policy was the focus on the mother tongue as a teaching medium. However, is it practical to lose English that has become a global language?

Young children learn and understand non-trivial concepts faster in their mother tongue. Wherever possible, the teaching medium is up to at least class 5, but preferably up to class 8 and beyond, the mother tongue / mother tongue / national language / regional language.

However, the trilingual formula will be more flexible and no language will be imposed on any state. The three languages ​​children learn are the choice of states, regions and of course the students themselves, as long as at least two of them are native to India.

Nowhere in politics is it about losing the English language, but about the importance of multilingualism, which has great cognitive benefits for young children.

Q4: Will it be possible to make the regional language the medium of instruction in Kendriya Vidyalayas or Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas? How does the ministry stand?

KVs and JNVs have students from across India, not from a specific region or state. Therefore, the NEP has suggested that the teaching medium will be the mother tongue / mother tongue / national language / regional language up to at least the 5th grade, but preferably up to the 8th grade and beyond. After that, the mother tongue / national language will continue to be taught as a language if possible.

Q5: When does the policy come into effect? Will the provisions apply in the upcoming meeting? Or are you creating a schedule for implementing various measures?

This policy applies for the next 20 years. We are in the process of drawing up the implementation plan.

Q6: During the COVID-19 pandemic, a major problem that came under focus was the digital divide. How do you want to meet the requirements of the poorer sections through the NEP?

NEP 2020 recognizes how important it is to take advantage of technology while recognizing potential risks and threats. Given that there is still a significant proportion of the population whose digital access is severely restricted, mass media such as television, radio and community radio are used extensively.

Q7: The policy states that children are given a logical framework for making ethical decisions. How do you plan to teach students ethics and morals?

The imparting of knowledge about India and its diverse social, cultural and technological needs, its inimitable artistic, linguistic and knowledge traditions and its strong ethics among young people in India is considered critical for the purposes of national pride, self-confidence and self-knowledge. Cooperation and integration as mentioned in the NEP. We have just come out with the NEP. NCERT is formulating a new and comprehensive national curriculum framework for school education, NCFSE 2020-21, based on the principles of this 2020 national education policy, the need for front-line curricula and after discussions with all stakeholders. Based on what parallel changes are made in textbooks.

Q8: How do the Gender Inclusion Fund and the Social Inclusion Fund work?

The Gender Inclusion Fund will be available to States to implement the Center’s priorities that are critical to helping women and transgender children gain access to education, including: B. The provision of sanitary facilities and toilets, bicycles, conditional money transfers, etc. The inclusion fund systems are also to be developed to address analog access problems for other SEDGs.

Q9: The NEP allows foreign universities to set up campuses in India. How do you ensure that a foreign university does not make any profits from education?

India is promoted as a global study destination that provides quality education at an affordable cost, helping to restore its role as a “Vishwa Guru”. A legal framework will be created to facilitate such access and these universities will be granted a special exemption from regulatory, governance and content standards equivalent to other autonomous institutions in India. Credits acquired at foreign universities may be credited towards awarding a degree in accordance with the requirements of the individual universities.

Several mechanisms with checks and balances will fight and stop the commercialization of higher education. All educational institutions are subject to similar auditing and disclosure standards as nonprofit organizations. Any surpluses are reinvested in the institute. All public and private universities are treated equally within this regulatory system.

Q10: There are institutes like IITs and IIMs that excel in areas like technology and management. How advisable is it to convert them into interdisciplinary units?

The IITs are already leading the way with the introduction of multidisciplinary courses. Politicians provide for a broad, multidisciplinary, holistic education at the bachelor level to enable integrated, strict contact with the natural sciences, arts, humanities, mathematics and professional fields.

Q11: The NEP is an ambitious plan. The plan is to set up several new institutions, build capacity and modernize the infrastructure. It also calls for an increase in household spending to 6%. How easy or difficult it is to achieve these goals.

The center and the states will work together to raise public investment in the education sector to 6% of GDP at the earliest. This is seen as extremely important for achieving a high quality and fair public education system.

Q12: The Ministry of Personnel Development has spoken of starting a plan for a class 1 channel. When will these channels be operational?

Content development was initiated by NCERT and will be completed from October to November 2020

Q13: The academic session for 2020-21 has not yet started. The Kuhad Committee has proposed postponing the dates for the beginning of the meeting from November to December. How does the Ministry of Personnel Development stand?

The higher education institutions are opened in accordance with the guidelines of the Ministry of the Interior.

Q14: How do you ensure that each of the key initiatives not only stays on paper, but is implemented?

The guidelines for implementing the guideline are listed in the QUEST document for school education and in EQUIP for higher education. The implementation plan is developed in line with the vision of the directive.

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