The directive, which was established in 1986 and revised in 1992, has not been revised since then.
The cabinet also approved changing the name of the Ministry of Personnel Development to the Ministry of Education.
NEP 2020: Everything you need to know
“NEP 2020 aims to increase the gross enrollment rate in higher education, including vocational education, from 26.3 percentage points (2018) to 50 percentage points by 2035. Higher education institutions will get at least 3.5 million new seats,” said Amit Khare, university minister for Personnel development at a press conference.
“The guideline provides for a broad, multidisciplinary, holistic basic training with flexible curricula, creative subject combinations, integration of vocational training and several entry and exit points with appropriate certification. The basic training can include 3 or 4 years with several exit options and corresponding certification within this period, “he said.
Key policy reforms include a single regulator for all higher education institutions except for law and medical schools, a common entrance exam for university admission required by the National Testing Agency (NTA), and common standards for private and public higher education institutions in the context of the new education policy of the central government.
“Membership in universities is to expire in 15 years, and a step-by-step mechanism is to be set up in order to grant the universities a level of autonomy. Over time, it is anticipated that each college will develop into either an autonomous graduate college or a constituent college of a university, ”said Khare.
HRD Secretary Anita Karwal commented on the reforms in school education and said: “The board’s exams will be of little importance. The focus will be on testing concepts and applying knowledge. Mother tongue, mother tongue or national language as a teaching medium up to grade 5. ”
She continued: “The curriculum will be reduced to core concepts and VET from grade 6 will be integrated.”
The new education policy was part of the Bharatiya Janata party’s manifesto prior to the 2014 general election.
In May 2016, a “Committee for the Development of New Education Policy” chaired by TSR Subramanian, former cabinet secretary, presented its report. On this basis, the ministry prepared a document entitled “Some contributions to the draft national education policy, 2016”.
Then a panel headed by former Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan had submitted the draft of the new NEP to Union Minister for Human Development Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ when he took command last year.
The draft was then made publicly available for feedback from various stakeholders, and the Ministry of Personnel Development received two lakh proposals.