New education policy 2020: The New Education Policy (NEP), which was approved by the Union’s cabinet on Wednesday, requires all higher education institutions to transparently disclose the fees they charge and reinvest all profits in the education sector.
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• All educational institutions are subject to similar auditing and disclosure standards as a non-profit organization. Any surpluses will be reinvested in the education sector in accordance with NEP 2020.
• There will be transparent public disclosure of all of these financial matters using mechanisms for handling complaints to the general public. The accreditation system developed by a National Accreditation Council provides a complementary review of this system, and a National Regulatory Council for Higher Education (NHERC) will see this as one of the key dimensions of its regulatory objective.
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• All fees and charges set by private universities are transparent and fully disclosed, and these fees must not be arbitrarily increased during the period of student enrollment. This fee determination mechanism ensures adequate cost recovery and at the same time ensures that universities meet their social obligations.
• Through a suitable system of graded accreditation and graded autonomy and gradually over a period of 15 years, all universities in India want to become independent, self-governing institutions that strive for innovation and excellence.
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• A Board of Governors (BoG) will be established upon receipt of the appropriate tiered accreditations that the institution holds ready for such a move. Gender equality aspects are also taken into account when selecting members in accordance with the directive.
• The BoG of an institution is authorized to govern the institution free of external interference. It is envisaged that all universities will receive incentives, be supported and supervised during this process and become autonomous by 2035 and have such an authorized BoG.
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• Independent agricultural universities, law universities, health science universities, technical universities and independent institutions in other areas are to become multidisciplinary institutions that offer holistic and multidisciplinary training.
• By 2030, all institutions offering either vocational or general education will organically develop into institutions / clusters that offer both seamlessly and in an integrated manner.
• Both the capacity and the quality of agriculture and related disciplines need to be improved in order to increase agricultural productivity through better-educated graduates and technicians, innovative research and market-based expansion combined with technologies and practices.
• Institutions that offer agricultural training must directly benefit the local community. One approach could be to set up agricultural technology parks to promote technology incubation and diffusion and to promote sustainable practices. This is another high point in politics.
• Legal education must be globally competitive, use good practice and introduce new technologies for wider access to and timely provision of justice.
• Healthcare training needs to be reconsidered so that the duration, structure and design of educational programs meet the role requirements of graduates.
• Given that people in healthcare are making pluralistic decisions, our health education system must be inclusive, which means that all students of allopathic medical education have a basic understanding of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) and vice need to be reversed.
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• In all forms of health education, the focus should also be on preventive health care and community medicine.
• Technical training should also be offered in multidisciplinary educational institutions and programs and should again focus on opportunities to deal intensively with other disciplines.
• In addition to genome studies, biotechnology, India must also take the lead in preparing professionals in state-of-the-art areas that are rapidly gaining in importance, such as artificial intelligence (AI), 3D editing, big data analysis, and machine learning. Nanotechnology, neurosciences with important applications for health, environment and sustainable life, which are integrated into basic training to improve the employability of young people.