Classes up to fifth grade in mother tongue or national language, the reduction in the use of board exams, the establishment of foreign universities in India, a single supervisory authority for higher education institutions with the exception of law and medical universities and joint admission tests for universities are part of the on Wednesday presented comprehensive reforms of the new National Education Policy (NEP).
In a statement, the Left Party claimed that the new NEP, approved by the “RSS-led NDA government”, is fundamentally changing the prevailing system by creating “education markets” rather than ensuring universalization of education by state schools and one will reject high quality education to the poor and socially disadvantaged sections of society.
“In the absence of publicly funded education, this will affect social justice, no matter how little there is today,” it said.
The left also claimed that the government bypassed parliament and undermined federalism in policy formulation, and accused the central government of “making unilateral decisions to aggressively enforce its neoliberal agenda in the education system as well.”
The NEP is an attempt to “fully privatize, commercialize and over-centralize” and will result in higher fees, attacks on university autonomy and no permanent apprenticeships.
“The government will allocate six percent of GDP to education. This was a proposal from the Kothari Commission decades ago. Now there is a demand that the center should spend more than 10 percent of GDP on education. NEP will lead to more.” Privatization, commercialization under the direction and control of the Supreme Council.
“This is done to invite foreign universities under the WTO. In addition, 50,000 educational institutions are now being converted to only 15,000, and all universities with fewer than 3,000 students are either being closed or merged with others. This will result in large regional differences,” he said .
The statement alleged that as a result of the NEP, facilities such as IIMs, IITs and ISC are closed with single subjects and only facilities that teach multiple subjects exist, which affects specialization.
However, the party said a positive element of the NEP was the provision of education between the ages of three and 18 under the right to education (RTE) as opposed to the age of up to 14 years.
However, given the characteristic changes in the system, success was extremely doubtful.
“CPI urges the government to conduct an appropriate discussion of politics in parliament and also with the state governments that have the highest proportion since education on the concurrent list,” the party said.