The center and the states will work together to increase public investment in the education sector and reach at least 6 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) at the earliest, says National Education Policy 2020, which was approved by the union cabinet on July 29, 2020.
To ensure the preservation, growth and vitality of all Indian languages, NEP recommended setting up an Indian Institute for Translation and Interpreting (IITI), a National Institute (or Institutes) for Pali, Persian and Prakrit and Sanskrit and all language departments to strengthen universities.
An autonomous institution, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to improve learning, assessment, planning and management.
It is said that the National Research Foundation will be created as a top body to promote a strong research culture and build research capacity in higher education.
A special unit for orchestrating the construction of digital infrastructures, digital content and capacity building will be created to take care of the needs of school and higher education in the field of electronic education.
A new and comprehensive national curriculum framework for teacher training, NCFTE 2021, is formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT.
Membership in universities is to expire in 15 years and a step-by-step mechanism is to be set up in order to grant the universities a higher degree of autonomy.
The Indian University Commission (HECI) is set up as a single umbrella organization for all higher education with the exception of medical and legal education.
The basic training can last three or four years, with several exit options and a corresponding certification within this period – e.g. certificate after one year, advanced diploma after two years, Bachelor’s degree after three years and Bachelor’s degree with research after four years.
NEP also aims to increase the gross enrollment rate in higher education from 26.3 percent (2018) to 50 percent by 2035.