National Education Policy 2020: The new National Education Policy (NEP) has generated mixed reactions from academics and experts, many of whom have described the reforms as “long due” and “groundbreaking”, while others have warned that “the devil is in the details” and hope that Steps are taken on site.
Classes up to fifth grade in mother tongue or national language, the reduction in the use of board exams, the establishment of foreign universities in India, a single supervisory authority for higher education institutions with the exception of law and medical universities and joint admission tests for universities are part of the on Wednesday presented comprehensive reforms of the new National Education Policy (NEP).
The director of IIT Delhi, Ramgopal Rao, described the new policy as a “Morrill moment” for higher education institutions in India (HEIs). The Morrill Land Grant Act is a U.S. law that allowed for the creation of Land Grant Colleges in the United States using the proceeds of state sales.
“The creation of a National Research Fund with the involvement of all ministries will make our research effective and visible to society. This is the Morrill moment for universities in India, ”he said.
Mahadeo Jaiswal, the director of IIM Sambalpur, said that the change in educational structure from a 10 + 2 system to a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system complies with international educational standards.
“Due to the small structure of our IIMs and IITs, despite their great talent, they couldn’t be among the 100 best institutes in the world. When technical institutes become multidisciplinary, IIMs and IITs can set up other departments, such as medicine, etc., enlarge their size and accommodate more students. “Former Vice Chancellor of Delhi University, Dinesh Singh, who was angered by the center’s anger at the launch of a four-year undergraduate program (FYUP), which was later reversed, said the policy would leave room for a healthy and synergistic mix of skills and Create knowledge.
“Some of the reforms outlined in politics were long due. It enables a productive mix of different disciplines, so that learning in one discipline can provide ideas and connections with another discipline for a real result or application. Politics also create a space for energetic pedagogy that can be very practical and project-oriented, with a focus on group activities and social applications, ”said Singh.
Rekha Sethi, director general of the All India Management Association (AIMA), explains: “The NEP will remove unnecessary complexity in the provision and regulation of higher education in the country and create a level playing field for all students, regardless of which college they go to. – private or government. The steps to promote digital learning are particularly important for a post-COVID world. Regional language e-courses are a great idea. “Manoj K Arora, VC of BML Munjal University, said:” It is an advanced and future-oriented policy that will change the landscape of higher education in the country. ” “Universities have to be research-intensive, entrepreneurial and multidisciplinary. The multiple entries and exits as well as the credit bank offer the students a great deal of flexibility when it comes to training and obtaining degrees while at work. We are moving towards the concept of doing our own degree, ”he said.
Jamia Millia Islamia Vice Chancellor Najma Akhtar described the NEP as “trailblazing” and said that higher education in India will now be holistic and multidisciplinary, with a common focus on science, art and the humanities.
“A single regulator for all higher education institutions is a great idea because it brings together the approach and the purpose. It will realize the vision of education in India, ”she added.
However, some experts warned that the “devil is in the details” and called for a targeted approach to implementing the policy in local measures.
“Politics have advocated major educational reforms, but as always, the devil is in the details, and we’ll see how NEP 2020 can be implemented in local policies that reflect the spirit of the reforms designed to empower students in the countryside to discover and unleash their unique potential, ”said Rupamanjari Ghosh, Vice Chancellor of Shiv Nadar University.
Vishnu Karthik, director of Heritage Schools, said: “Politicians recognize the need to accept output-based reform rather than input-based reform. While the devil is in the details, the new NEP has raised some important levers that will have a huge impact on student learning levels. The decision to reduce the curriculum to the core offers a significant opportunity to focus on critical skills and capacities, and would be an entry-level reform of the curriculum and assessments. “
The Convenor of the Indian National Teachers’ Congress, Pankaj Garg, said that allowing foreign universities to work in India according to their own standards allows foreign direct investment in education.
“We believe that the government is escaping responsibility for funding educational institutions. This will also result in student fees becoming exorbitant. Rajesh Jha, member of the Executive Board of the University of Delhi, said the policy aimed to shift the education system from grants to loans and to promote private actors and foreign universities.
“This will involve a different spread of grants, and the reduction in grants will shift the financial burden on students and thus increase education costs,” he said.