The report on “Social consumption in households: Education in India as part of the 75th round of the national sample survey – from July 2017 to June 2018” contains government data on the literacy rate among people aged seven and over.
According to the study, Delhi has the best literacy rate after Kerala with 88.7 percent, followed by Uttarkhand with 87.6 percent, Himachal Pradesh with 86.6 percent and Assam with 85.9 percent.
On the other hand, Rajasthan is the second worst performer with a literacy rate of 69.7 percent, followed by Bihar with 70.9 percent, Telangana with 72.8 percent, Uttar Pradesh with 73 percent, and Madhya Pradesh with 73.7 percent.
The study has set the literacy rate in the country at around 77.7 percent. In rural areas, the literacy rate is 73.5 percent compared to 87.7 percent in urban areas of the country.
Across India, the male literacy rate is 84.7 percent, higher than that of women at 70.3 percent.
The survey found that male literacy rates were higher than female literacy rates in all states. In Kerala, the literacy rate for men is 97.4 percent compared to 95.2 percent for women.
Similarly, the male literacy rate for women in Delhi was 93.7 percent, above 82.4 percent.
Even in the worst performing states, there was a sizable gap in the literacy rate for men and women.
In Andhra Pradesh, the literacy rate for men is 73.4 percent and thus over 59.5 percent for women (aged seven and over).
In Rajasthan, the gap was even wider, as the literacy rate for men was 80.8 percent compared to 57.6 percent for women.
In Bihar, the literacy rate for men was also higher at 79.7 percent than at 60.5 percent for women.
A sample of 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages and 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks was surveyed across India.
The report also found that nearly 4 percent of rural households and 23 percent of urban households owned computers.
Among 15 to 29 year olds, almost 24 percent in rural areas and 56 percent in urban areas could use a computer.
Almost 35 percent of people aged 15 to 29 said they used the internet 30 days prior to the survey date. In rural areas the proportion was almost 25 percent and in urban areas 58 percent.