With the precision and ability of the robots to work tirelessly in an environment where humans may find a challenge, their safety seems to be well assured. “Without this technological revolution, our very existence is in danger. From health professionals to industries to academics and even ordinary people interested in cobotics, human-machine collaboration can make the world a better and safer place, ”said Amit Shukla, assistant professor at the School of Engineering des IIT Mandi, where researchers are developing new cobotic technologies to inspect industrial infrastructures to identify both existing and future anomalies, thereby maximizing cost efficiency. Shukla himself has worked for the oil and gas industry, where explosive products in all processes make the use of new cobotics solutions all the more important.
The field recently received a boost when the Department of Science and Technology (DST) raised Rs.170 billion in June 2020 for the I-Hub Cobotics Foundation (IHFC) established by the Institute as a Section 8 company IIT Delhi deployed. “The funds will be used in part to support startups and other companies in the realization of robotic products from research at IIT Delhi and other locations in the country, as well as to run skills development programs and provide scholarships for the students. This initiative covers four industries including medical robotics, agriculture and disaster management, defense and smart manufacturing (Industry 4.0), ”says SK Saha, one of the IHFC board members and professor at IIT-Delhi, where two robot applications are being carried out with three companies Measures have been taken to meet the requirements of AIIMS New Delhi and PGI Chandigarh with regard to Covid-19.
In an environment infected with Covid, mobile-operated robots were developed to supply food and other items in isolation, ”says SK Dwivedy, professor and head of the mechanical engineering department at IIT Guwahati. “Cobotics, however, has cross-industry uses by helping a child learn their subjects, working repetitively without fatigue, helping a farmer use pesticides, or even helping a worker in a nuclear power plant.”
About the prospects at his own institute, Dwivedy says: “Just as the IIT Delhi was used by the summer as the National Mission for Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) to promote research related to cobotics, the IIT Guwahti also became the NMICPS hub for Underwater exploration technologies where part of the work will be related to Covid. ”
Although there is no shortage of technical foundations for cobotics in India, more innovation and engineering are required to develop applications for the industry.
Cobotics in Industry 4.0
Cobots are an essential part of the development of Industry 4.0 and a huge innovation and growth driver for the robotics industry, apart from military and public safety, manufacturing and mining industries, “says Abhay Bansal, joint director of the Amity School of Engineering & Technology, Greater Noida. Among other things, studies on the subject of “The framework for the management of human workload in collaborative human-robot teams” and “Analytical study on collaborative robots from an ergonomic point of view” were carried out.
Because cobots are affordable, highly customizable, and near plug-and-play, small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are eager to adopt this technology. “The MSMEs also have to struggle with a lack of migrant workers and social distancing requirements. Every manufacturer is considering options to automate their workshop, with a clear preference for robots, ”adds Bansal.