The New Education Policy (NEP), approved by the Union cabinet on Wednesday, will bring a number of important changes, including the ability for top foreign universities to set up campuses in India, a larger proportion of students receiving vocational training , and a move towards institutes, including IITs, are becoming multidisciplinary.
The policy aims to make “India a global knowledge superpower”.
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One of the stated goals of politics is to convey a “deeply rooted pride” in being Indian not only in thinking, but also in spirit, intellect and deeds, and in developing knowledge, skills, values and dispositions Support responsible engagement for human rights, sustainable development and life, and global wellbeing.
Policy is also aimed at “light but strict” regulation by a single regulator for higher education, as well as improved access, justice and inclusion.
The NEP specifies that by 2040 all higher education institutions should aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which should have 3,000 or more students. By 2030, there should be at least one large multidisciplinary facility in or near each district.
The aim is to increase the gross enrollment rate in higher education, including vocational training, from 26.3% to 50% by 2035.
Single stream higher education institutions will expire over time and all will become multidisciplinary. The system of “affiliated universities” will gradually expire in 15 years.
The current complex nomenclature of universities in the country such as “viewed as a university”, “affiliated university”, “affiliated technical university”, “uniform university” is simply replaced by “university”.
A university is a multidisciplinary institution that offers Bachelor and Master programs with high-quality teaching, research and community engagement. The definition will allow for a range of institutions, ranging from those that emphasize teaching and research alike; H. Research-intensive universities, right up to teaching-intensive universities.
The current nomenclature such as “viewed as a university”, “affiliated university”, “affiliated technical university”, “uniform university” will be abolished.
• Even engineering institutions like IITs will move towards more holistic and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities. Arts and humanities students want to learn more science.
• At all universities, departments for languages, literature, music, philosophy, indology, art, dance, theater, education, mathematics, statistics, pure and applied sciences, sociology, economics, sports, translation and interpreting etc. are established and strengthened.
• The Bachelor’s degree lasts either 3 or 4 years and offers several exit options. For example, a certificate after completing a year in a discipline or area, including professional and professional areas, or a diploma after two years of study or a bachelor’s degree after a three-year program. However, the 4-year multidisciplinary bachelor’s program is the preferred option.
• An academic credit bank (ABC) is set up in which the acquired academic credits are stored digitally.
• The 4-year program can also lead to a “with research” degree if the student completes a rigorous research project.
Exemplary public universities for holistic and multidisciplinary education are set up, which are comparable to IITs, IIMs etc. and are called MERUs (Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities)
• Higher education institutions need to move from high-level exams to a continuous and comprehensive assessment.
• India is promoted as a global study destination that provides quality education at affordable costs. An international student office is set up at every facility that accommodates foreign students.
• High-performing Indian universities are encouraged to set up locations in other countries. Selected universities like the top 100 universities in the world are supported in India.
• A legal framework will be created to facilitate such access, and these universities will have a special set of regulatory, governance and content standards that is equivalent to other autonomous institutions in India.
• In every educational institution there must be counseling systems for dealing with stress and emotional adjustments.
• Efforts are being made to incentivize the earnings of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC and other SEDGs.
• Vocational training is being gradually integrated into all school and university institutions over the next decade. By 2025, at least 50% of learners in the school and university system will have to be exposed to vocational training.
• The B.Voc. The degrees introduced in 2013 will continue to exist, but vocational courses will also be offered to students enrolled in all other Bachelor’s programs, including the 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programs.
• “Lok Vidya”, that is. H. Important professional knowledge developed in India is made available to students. The Ministry of Personnel Development, which could be renamed the Ministry of Education, would form a National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Training (NCIVE)
• The directive also speaks for the creation of a National Research Foundation (NRF).
• The directive also mentions the creation of an Indian University Commission (HECI).