New 2020 National Education Policy: Everything You Need to Know and Educators’ Opinions
The Cabinet of the Union approved national education policy 2020 on Wednesday, paving the way for transformational reforms in the country’s schools and universities. The NEP 2020 aims to “make India a global knowledge superpower”.
The Committee for the Preparation of the Draft National Education Policy submitted its report to the Ministry on May 31, 2019. The draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019) was uploaded to the MHRD website and the MyGov Innovate portal and contains views / suggestions / comments from stakeholders, including the public
National Education Policy 2020 Highlights:
- This is the first educational policy of the 21st century and replaces the 34-year-old National Education Policy (NPE) from 1986.
- The new policy aims to universalize education from pre-school to secondary school with a gross enrollment rate of 100 percent (GER) in school education by 2030 and aims to raise the GER in university education to 50 percent by 2025.
- NEP 2020 will bring two million school children back into the main stream.
- The 10 + 2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 curriculum structure that corresponds to the age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years. It will include 12 years of schooling and three years of Anganwadi and preschool.
- NCERT will develop a national curriculum and pedagogical framework for early childhood care and education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of eight.
- NEP 2020 calls for the establishment of a National Mission for Basic Literacy and Computing by the Ministry of Education. By 2025, the states will draw up an implementation plan for the acquisition of universal basic and arithmetic skills in all primary schools for all learners up to the third grade.
- A national book promotion guideline is to be formulated.
- All pupils take school exams in classes 3, 5 and 8, which are carried out by the responsible authority. The board exams for grades 10 and 12 will be continued, but redesigned with the aim of holistic development.
- A new national evaluation center, PARAKH (performance evaluation, review and analysis of knowledge for holistic development), is set up as a standardization body.
- NEP is keen to set up a fund for gender inclusion and special education zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
- Each state / district is encouraged to set up “Bal Bhavans” as a special day boarding school to participate in arts-related, career-related, and game-related activities. Free school infrastructure can be used as Samajik Chetna Kendras.
- A common national professional standard for teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by 2022 in consultation with NCERT, SCERTs, teachers and expert organizations from various levels and regions.
- States / UTs will establish an independent State School Standards Authority (SSSA). Through consultations with all those involved, the SCERT will develop a framework for the evaluation and accreditation of school quality (SQAAF).
- NEP 2020 aims to increase the gross enrollment rate in higher education, including vocational training, from 26.3 percent in 2018 to 50 percent in 2035 and to add 3.5 million new seats to higher education institutions.
- The guideline provides for a broad, multidisciplinary, holistic basic training with flexible curricula, creative subject combinations, integration of vocational training and several entry and exit points with appropriate certification.
- An academic bank of credit is to be set up for the digital storage of academic credits acquired at various universities so that they can be transferred and counted towards the degree obtained.
- Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), which are equal to IITs and IIMs and should be set up as models for the best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.
- The National Research Foundation is created as a top body for the promotion of a strong research culture and the development of research capacities in higher education.
- The Indian University Commission (HECI) is set up as a single umbrella body for all higher education with the exception of medical and legal education.
- Public and private higher education institutions are subject to the same norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.
- Membership in universities is to expire in 15 years and a step-by-step mechanism is to be set up in order to grant the universities a higher degree of autonomy.
- A new and comprehensive national curriculum framework for teacher training, NCFTE 2021, is formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT.
- By 2030, the minimum qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. Degree.
- Strict measures are taken against inferior independent teacher training institutions (TEIs).
- A national mentoring mission will be established with a large pool of outstanding high-ranking / retired faculties who would be willing to provide short-term and long-term care / professional support to university / college teachers.
- The National Scholarship Portal will be expanded to track the progress of the scholarship holders.
- Private universities are encouraged to offer their students a larger number of free ships and scholarships.
- Actions such as online courses and digital repositories, research funding, improved student services, credit-based recognition of MOOCs, etc. are taken to ensure that distance learning corresponds to the highest quality programs in the classroom.
- A comprehensive set of recommendations to promote online education as a result of the recent increase in epidemics and pandemics to ensure readiness for alternative forms of quality education whenever and wherever traditional forms of education are not possible have been addressed.
- In the Ministry of Personnel Development, a special unit for orchestrating the development of digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building is set up, which takes care of the needs of school and higher education in the field of electronic education.
- An autonomous institution, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to improve learning, assessment, planning and management.
- NEP recommends the establishment of an Indian Institute for Translation and Interpreting (IITI), a national institute (or institutes) for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, the strengthening of Sanskrit and all language departments at universities, and the use of the mother tongue / national language as a teaching medium in more HEI programs.
- The internationalization of education is facilitated both by institutional cooperation as well as by the mobility of students and faculties and enables access by first-class universities to the opening of locations in India.
- Independent technical universities, health science universities, law and agricultural universities, etc. should become multidisciplinary institutions.
- The policy aims to achieve 100% literacy among young people and adults.
- The center and the states will work together to raise public investment in the education sector to 6 percent of GDP at the earliest.
Prof. Mahadeo Jaiswal, Director, IIM Sambalpur
“We welcome the cabinet’s move to rename the Ministry of Personnel Development to the Ministry of Education because the department’s role is to advance and deliver education. It is also a positive step to allow global institutes to set up locations in India as this will intensify competition as it will open up our education system and also help promote high talent in the country as students do not have to move out, to complete an apprenticeship. The change in the educational structure from a 10 + 2 system to a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system corresponds to the international educational standards. Due to the small structure of our IIMs and IITs, despite their great talent, they could not be among the 100 best institutes in the world. When technical institutes become multidisciplinary, IIMs and IITs can set up other departments, such as medicine, etc., enlarge their size and accommodate more students. This will enable them to compete with the world’s elite institutes and compete with them in the coming years. Diversification makes education more complete and helps increase the intellectual outcome. Overall, the changes were made in accordance with the global education system. This will also help attract foreign students to India and help the economy. “
“The highly anticipated New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was approved by the cabinet today. The document is based on fundamental pillars of access, affordability, justice, quality and accountability. With the flexibility to choose the subject across multiple streams, it aims to build skills in their subjects of interest. Early basic learning in three languages will improve the focus on Indian classical languages. Each state is suggested to have a state school inspectorate that oversees school education. “