Engineering Day in India is celebrated as a tribute to the greatest Indian engineer and Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya, popularly known as Sir MV. Visvesvaraya was born on September 15, 1861 to a Telugu family in Chikkaballapur, Karnataka. His parents were well-known Sanskrit scholars. Visvesvaraya completed his primary education in his hometown and later moved to Bengaluru for higher studies. After graduating from UG with a degree in art, Visvesvaraya switched courses and graduated in civil engineering from the College of Engineering in Pune.
On This Engineer Day, check out the little-known facts about the greatest Indian engineer, Sir M Visvesvaraya:
- Sir MV was not only one of India’s greatest civil engineers, but also served as Mysore’s 19th divan from 1912 to 1919.
- In 1955 he received India’s highest honor, the Bharat Ratna.
- He was knighted by King George V as Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) for his contributions to the common good.
- Sir MV’s birthday, September 15th, is celebrated in his memory not only in India, but also in Sri Lanka and Tanzania as Engineer’s Day.
- He was chief engineer of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in the northwestern suburb of Mysore and was also one of the chief engineers of the Hyderabad city’s flood protection system.
- He was an expert in irrigation techniques and flood disaster management.
- He patented automatic gates on Lake Fife Storage Reservoir; introduced a new irrigation system known as the “Block System” in 1903.
- M Visvesvaraya was the architect of the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam, one of the largest dams in India.
- He was instrumental in founding the Government Engineering College in Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India. The institution was later named University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering.